Abstract

Integrity in emotional research and testing is one of the most important problems today. The Stanford Prison Experiment, executed over 40 years ago, helped bring these ethical issues in the limelight and remains one of the most controversial studies in the good studying individual behavior. This kind of paper should define ethics, describe risk/benefit ratio, give a brief history on the Stanford Prison Research, and evaluate the impact they have had on psychological research.  

The Stanford Penitentiary Experiment

The Stanford Penitentiary Experiment almost certainly tops a whole lot of data when it comes to the void of unethical analysis. It cannot be replicated today due to its lack of ability to meet the criteria established by quite a few ethical rules, including the American Psychological Association's Ethics Code. Nevertheless, the Stanford Jail Experiment remains one of the most important studies in how scenarios can effect human tendencies. According to Cherry (2010), " The study recently garnered attention following reports in the Abu Ghraib prisoner violations in War became known. Many persons, including Zimbardo himself, suggest that the abuses at Abu Ghraib may be real-world experience of the same effects observed in Zimbardo's experiment. ” Ethics

Ethics refers to the moral criteria that govern an individual, group, or social behavior. Study in the field of psychology deals with a number of issues, and maintaining ethical practices happen to be imperative in ensuring the participants, the knowledge being desired, and the research itself define utmost integrity. In order to ensure that researchers understand their ethical responsibility in seeking knowledge and bettering the quality of lifestyle, the American Psychological Relationship has finished an Integrity Code " that relates to such various issues while sexual nuisance, fees for psychological providers, providing guidance to public in the media, test, building, and classroom teaching” (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister & Zechmeister, 2009). Before a report can begin, it must be reviewed to determine if it meets ethical requirements; these are established in colleges and universities by Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), which in turn ensure that researchers keep members from injury and uphold their human being rights. According to Shaughnessy, Zechmeister & Zechmeister (2009), " The IRB has got the authority to approve, deplore, or need modifications with the research plan prior to their approval in the research. The IRB has an moral responsibility to make sure its review of research plans is good by thinking about the perspectives of the institution, the researcher, as well as the research participants” (pp 62-63). The Risk/Benefit Ratio

The risk/benefit percentage asks whether or not a recommended study or perhaps experiment will be worth the work out. When a analysis proposal is presented to members of the IRB, that they aim to reach a general opinion based on subjective evaluation of the risks and benefits of the study, both for the individual participants and contemporary society as a whole. Because the complete absence of risk or perhaps benefit will be greatly improbable, a balance has to be present in research; understanding the mother nature of the risk and the magnitude of determined benefit for the participant should be taken into consideration, as well as the potential scientific value with the study. Relating to Shaughnessy, Zechmeister & Zechmeister (2009), " When the risks outweigh the potential benefits, then the IRB does not agree to the research; when the benefits outweigh the risks, the IRB approves the research” (p 64). Risks in psychological research may include injuries, social personal injury, and mental or psychological stress, and risks should be assessed when it comes to the effects by using an individual participant's daily activities, physical and mental health, and capabilities (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister & Zechmeister, 2009). The bottom line is, a researcher need to aim to protect participants from any mental or mental stress, which includes " anxiety that might arise due to participants'...

References: Cherry, K (2010). The Stanford Prison Experiment. Retrieved Feb 16, 2012, from http://psychology.about.com/od/classicpsychologystudies/a/stanford-prison-experiment.htm

Doran, A, Hoyt, G, & Morgan, C (2006). Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERS) Training.

Drury, S., Hutchens, S. A., Shuttlesworth, G. E., & White, C. L. (2011). Philip G. Zimbardo on his career as well as the Stanford Jail Experiment 's 40th wedding anniversary. History Of Psychology, doi: 10. 1037/a0025884

Shaughnessy, J. M., Zechmeister, E. B., & Zechmeister, J. S. (2009). Research methods in mindset (8th male impotence. ). New York: McGraw Hillside.

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