п»їWeb Lecture 1 . 2

Studying Words

1 . 2 . 1 . Morphemes

Attributes of morphemes

Problem morphemes

1 . 2 . 2 . How you can analyze words and phrases

The four Steps of Word Research

1 . 2 . 1 . Morphemes

Word evaluation involves breaking a word in to itsВ morphemes. В So what exactly is a morpheme? Practically, the word " morpheme" means 'an element in a system of forms. ' Linguists establish it more precisely by doing this:


The smallestВ formВ which is usually paired with a particularВ meaning" Terminology works mainly because human beings can build relationships betweenВ formsВ andВ meanings. A form may be any kind of physical structure. It is possible to think of the letters on a page while shapes or perhaps forms, but what about voiced language? Think about the seems which reach your ear when a audio says the terms " cat" and then " bird. " These two phrases sound different, just as the written forms of these two words and phrases look different. From the point of view of our auditory program, these two terms have different physical structures, or auditory forms. Each diverse form evokes a different which means. We admit each formВ plusВ the meaning connected to it is a solitary morpheme.

The longest word in English language (according to Webster's Unabridged Dictionary) is made up of 45 albhabets; it can be broken down into being unfaithful morphemes.

Characteristics of morphemes

1 . Morphemes cannot be subdivided and retain the same that means. - Simply by definition, morphemes are the smallestВ meaningfulВ units of language. If you try to divide a morpheme in smaller parts, all you are certain to get are appears. The individual appears of vocabulary don't have any that means by themselves; they should be coupled with other appears before they have meaning. For example , we could break the morpheme " cat" down into the " c" sound, the " a" sound, as well as the " t" sound. installment payments on your Morphemes put meaning to a word.

-Each morpheme plays a role in the overall which means of the word. However , some morphemes may possibly affect the total meaning much more than others. For example , whenever we began while using morpheme " cat" and added the morpheme " bird, " we developed new phrase with a radically different that means. In another case, we could start out with " cat" and instead put the morpheme " -s" (meaning 'plural') to acquire " cats. ". several. Morphemes can easily appear in numerous words.

Morphemes areВ recyclable. Phrase analysis is such a powerful skill because the same morphemes show up over and over in several different terms. Once you've learned the meaning of your morpheme and learned to spot it in the different varieties, you'll know something about the hundreds of words that use that. For example , in Morpheme Collection 1, you are learning the Latin morphemeВ duc 'lead, pull, pull'. Below are a few of the phrases which use it: reduce

'toВ pullВ back'


'toВ drawВ away from'

jump on

'toВ leadВ apart'

One more example isВ pedВ 'foot' (also coming from Latin).


'pertaining to theВ foot'


'one who have use his/herВ feetВ for transportation'


'a beast with twoВ feetВ '

4. Morphemes can have got any number of syllables.

-Don't befuddle morphemes with syllables. A syllable is known as a unit of sound, a morpheme is a unit of meaning. Occasionally a single morpheme will have a number of syllables. For example , English audio system would probably consider the wordВ " hurricane" as a single morpheme (although a speaker of Carib, the language from which had originated, might be able to break it in several morphemes). Syllables mayВ divideВ a morpheme. This is an excellent reason to ignore syllables when you are performing word analysis. For example , the term " pregnant" has 3 morphemes: pre- /

gn /




'one who'

literally 'one who is before giving birth'

However , you will find only two syllables: В preg + nant. The morphemeВ gnВ is split in half by the syllable structure with the word. Difficulties with morphemes

It might nice in the event there were often a neat one-to-one communication between kind and that means, i. electronic. if every meaning often had a unique individual contact form. Unfortunately, normal human vocabulary isn't like this. Now most of us take a look at...


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